Beginner’s guide to Installing & Configuring NAGIOS server
Hello Linux-fanatics, in this tutorial we will learn to install and configure Nagios Monitoring tool.
Nagios server (AKA nagios core) is a very useful, open-source monitoring tool. With the help of Nagios server, we can monitor stats like ram usage, cpu usage, hdd usage along with other parameters of a number of machines/servers on single screen. If something goes wrong , its sends us warning by using sound or sending a mailto configured users or we can even configure Nagios to send a sms to a phone number.
Before we can install Nagios , we need some packages like httpd, php, gcc, glibc, glibc-comman & GD on our system.
To install all these packages, run following
After all the packages are installed, we will now download the Nagios & its plugins source file. As of writing of this tutorial, Nagios 4.2.4 & Plugins 2.1.4 are the latest. You can directly download the files using link below or you can use wget also to get these files
Now we will start with installation of Nagios….
Step 1 – Create a user & group for Nagios
We will add a user nagios & a group nagcmd
Now, we will add nagios & apache to nagcmd group
Step2- Extracting Nagios files
We will now extract the nagios & plugins files on our system
Step 3- Configuring Nagios-core
Now that we have extracted the Nagios file, we will now go to the extracted folder & compile those files to install Nagios server
after it’s completed, we will now run make & make install to complete our installation
once these steps are done, we need to install init –scripts, commandmode & also need to install some sample Nagios files
Step4 – Configuring Web-Interface
Once all the above installations are complete, we can now configure web-interface where we will do all the monitoring. To install web-interface, run the following command
Our web-interface is now installed and a default user “nagiosadmin” has been created. We will now assign password to user “nagiosadmin”
Step 5- Setting an email for sending alerts
To set an email to receive alerts , open
and enter an email address.
Step6- Installing the Nagios Plugins
Now, it’s time to install Nagios plugins
Step 7 – Verify Nagios files
In the last step of Nagios server installation, we will verify Nagios configuration file against a sample configuration file to make sure all the settings are Okay
If all the settings made are correct you should not receive any error.
Now restart nagios server & httpd server
Step 8- Logging into Web-interface
Open your browser & enter http://localhost/Nagios or http://IP-address/Nagios in your address bar & you will be asked to enter the username & password. Upon entering the credentials, you can now see your Nagios Web-interface.
When you see service overview page, we can only see services of our localhost . That is because we have not added other host services on Nagios. In our next tutorial, we will discuss how can we add Windows & Linux hosts to Nagios server. Please share your queries/comments down below in the comment box.