Easy guide to secure VNC server with TLS encryption
In this tutorial, we will learn to install VNC server & secure VNC server sessions with TLS encryption.
This method has been tested on CentOS 6 & 7 but should work on other versions/OS as well (RHEL, Scientific Linux etc).
(Recommended Read: Ultimate guide for Securing SSH sessions )
Installing VNC server
Before we install VNC server on our machines, make sure we are have a working GUI. If GUI is not installed on our machine, we can install it by executing the following command,
# yum groupinstall “GNOME Desktop”
Now we will tigervnc as our VNC server, to install it run,
# yum install tigervnc-server
Once VNC server has been installed, we will create a new user to access the server,
# useradd vncuser
& assign it a password for accessing VNC by using following command,
# vncpasswd vncuser
Now we have a little change in configuration on CentOS 6 & 7, we will first address the CentOS 6 configuration,
Now we need to edit VNC configuration file,
# vim /etc/sysconfig/vncservers
& add the following lines,
Save the file & exit. Next restart the vnc service to implement the changes,
# service vncserver restart
& enable it at boot,
# chkconfig vncserver on
On CentOS 7, /etc/sysconfig/vncservers file has been changed to /lib/systemd/system/vncserver@.service. We will use this configuration file as reference, so create a copy of the file,
# cp /lib/systemd/system/vncserver@.service /etc/systemd/system/vncserver@:1.service
Next we will edit the file to include our created user,
# vim /etc/systemd/system/vncserver@:1.service
& edit the user on the following 2 lines,
ExecStart=/sbin/runuser -l vncuser -c “/usr/bin/vncserver %i”
Save file & exit. Next restart the service & enable it at boot,
# systemctl restart vncserver@:1.service
# systemctl enable vncserver@:1.service
We now have our VNC server ready & can connect to it from a client machine using the IP address of VNC server. But we before we do that, we will secure our connections with TLS encryption.
Securing the VNC session
To secure VNC server session, we will first configure the encryption method to secure VNC server sessions. We will be using TLS encryption but can also use SSL encryption. Execute the following command to start using TLS encrytption on VNC server,
# vncserver -SecurityTypes=VeNCrypt,TLSVnc
You will asked to enter a password to access VNC (if using any other user, than the above mentioned user)
We can now access the server using the VNC viewer from the client machine, use the following command to start vnc viewer with secure connection,
# vncviewer -SecurityTypes=VeNCrypt,TLSVnc 192.168.1.45:1
here, 192.168.1.45 is the IP address of the VNC server.
Enter the password & we can than access the server remotely & that too with TLS encryption.
This completes our tutorial, feel free to send your suggestions or queries using the comment box below.